First discovered in a cave in Qumran in 1947, there are 900 scrolls which make up the Dead Sea Scrolls; together, the collection is considered to be the oldest copy of the Bible in known existence, thought to have been created around the 4th century B. TROVE OF LOST JEWISH ARTIFACTS, THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN DESTROYED IN THE HOLOCAUST, DISCOVERED Also included in the newly discovered fragment is a part that deals with the 364-day calendar, celebrated by the ancient Judean Desert sect. Fifty days later, the wine harvest festival came and 50 days after that was the oil harvest festival. ANCIENT FORBIDDEN CHRISTIAN TEXT OF JESUS' 'SECRET TEACHINGS' TO HIS 'BROTHER' FOUND “The lunar calendar, which Judaism follows to this day, requires a large number of human decisions," the researchers added. Ben-Dov were able to decipher the code from annotations made in the margins, by correcting omissions from the original author.
Jonathan Ben-Dov of the Department of Bible Studies managed to put together 60 tiny fragments over more than a year, obtaining fresh insight into a festival that marked the changing of the seasons. According to the calendar, the wheat festival took place 50 days after the Shabbat that followed Passover.
Remarkably, some of these ancient copies are identical to the traditional text of the Hebrew Bible that is used today.
Other copies preserve differences in the text, which was in the process of standardisation.
This small scroll preserves one of the earliest known copies of the “Ten Commandments” (the Decalogue), a central dogma in Judaism and Christianity, and the majestic description of their divine revelation at Mount Sinai.
This book of Psalms is one of the best preserved biblical scrolls, containing 48 psalms, including 7 that are not found in the standard Masoretic version of the Bible.
An additional prose passage provides one of the most ancient references to King David as the composer of the book of Psalms: “and David, the son of Jesse, was wise, and a light like the light of the sun...